Information on Type 2 Diabetes


Monday, November 26, 2018 at 12:00:00 am Comments (0)

 by Jenn Ridgeway, CALA, Director of Assisted Living

Type 2 diabetes, once known as adult-onset or noninsulin-dependent diabetes, is a chronic condition that affects the way your body metabolizes sugar. With type 2 diabetes, your body either resists the effects of insulin or doesn't produce enough insulin to maintain a normal glucose level. There's no cure for type 2 diabetes, but you may be able to manage the condition by eating well, exercising and maintaining a healthy weight. If diet and exercise aren't enough you may need diabetes medications or insulin therapy.

Symptoms

  • Increased thirst and frequent urination
  • Increased hunger
  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Blurred vision
  • Slow-healing sores or frequent infections
  • Areas of darkened skin.

Causes

Exactly why is unknown, genetics and environmental factors, such as excess weight and inactivity, seem to be contributing factors.

Risk factors

  • Weight
  • Fat distribution
  • Inactivity
  • Family history
  • Race
  • Age
  • Prediabetes
  • Gestational diabetes
  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome

Complications

  • Heart and blood vessel disease
  • Nerve damage (neuropathy)
  • Kidney damage (nephropathy)
  • Eye damage
  • Foot damage
  • Hearing impairment
  • Skin conditions
  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Prevention
  • Eat healthy foods
  • Get physical
  • Lose excess pounds

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